Significance of the Five Elements – The Panchabhutaas

Vastu Shastra has evolved over the centuries and it has been documented that the improper positioning of the rooms with respect to the surrounding elements causes an imbalance. Now, when the harmony between the different elements gets disturbed, it further disturbs the energy balance. Due to which the energies in the inmates gets dissipated in different directions, thus creating an imbalance, and resulting into stress, tension, and ill health. Therefore, the thinking and the actions of the people living or working it these buildings also get adversely affected.  

Vastu Shastra rests on the assumption that the Earth is a living organism out of which other living beings emerge. The life on Earth is possible because of the five basic and essential elements known as ‘Panchabhutaas’ viz. Aakash (Space), Vayu (Air), Agni (Fire), Jal (Water) and Bhumi (Earth). It is believed that all the living beings on earth are made up of these five elements. Let us briefly understand the relevance of these five elements and their relationship with us and the living environment. 



Space (Aakaash)  

The space is the entire universe having earth as a very small part of it. It provides shelter to the other four elements. It has many effective forces like the gravity, magnetic field, heat, light etc. Therefore, it is particularly important to consider it while constructing any structure. As per Vastu, the centre part of any space also called as the Brahma Sthan, is the highest provider of universal vibes. Maintaining balance & proper utilization of this space, can bring prosperity in an individual’s life. This is the reason why the Brahma Sthan should be kept open and clutter free. 


Air (Vayu)  

It is the essence of all the living things on earth and a most important element of Vastu. Human physical comfort values are directly dependent on the correct air composition, its content, air flow, temperature, air pressure etc. The direction of winds is preferred from the North-West direction. So, it is good to have openings in this direction. 


Fire (Agni)  

The fire is one of the most energetic and auspicious cosmic elements in Vastu. It shows enthusiasm, passion, vigour & courage in living beings. South-east is the preferred direction for this element as per Vastu. 


Water (Jal)  

Water is yet another important element of the Panchbhutaas. Every living being is composed of water in different proportions. It is available in various forms like river, sea, oceans, rain etc.  The nature of water shows the calmness & peace.  North is the direction for this cosmic element. 


Earth (Bhumi)  

Earth is the third planet in the solar system. It is a big magnet with North Pole and South poles as centres of attractions. Its magnetic field and gravitational field have considerable effect on all the living and non-living things.  


Vastu Shastra has a scientific basis. It is, therefore, worthwhile to understand the importance of these Vastu factors. These factors have both positive and negative impact on us. Now how we use the positive factors to our advantage and minimise the negative factors, would depend on using the Vastu guidelines while designing a space. 

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